removal,n.1. The transfer or moving of a person or thing from one location, position, or

residence to another. 2. The transfer of an action from state to federal court. • In removing a case

to federal court, a litigant must timely file the removal papers and must show a valid basis for

federal-court jurisdiction. 28 USCA § 1441. Cf. REMAND(1). [Cases: Removal of Cases 16.

C.J.S. Removal of Causes § 2.] — remove,vb.

civil-rights removal.Removal of a case from state to federal court for any of these reasons: (1)

because a person has been denied or cannot enforce a civil right in the state court, (2) because a

person is being sued for performing an act under color of authority derived from a law providing

for equal rights, or (3) because a person is being sued for refusing to perform an act that would be

inconsistent with equal rights. [Cases: Removal of Cases 70. C.J.S. Removal of Causes §§

67–70.] [Blacks Law 8th]