amendment by implication.A rule of construction that allows a person to interpret a repugnant

provision in a statute as an implicit modification or abrogation of a provision that appears before it.

• Amendments by implication are not favored. See United States v. Welden, 377 U.S. 95, 102 n.12,

84 S.Ct. 1082, 1087 n.12 (1964). [Blacks Law 8th]