admission (ad-mish-<<schwa>>n), n.1. Any statement or assertion made by a party to a case

and offered against that party; an acknowledgment that facts are true. Cf. CONFESSION. [Cases:

Criminal  Law    405;  Evidence    200–205.  C.J.S.  Criminal  Law  §  877;  Evidence  §§  293,  340,

364–467, 469–471.]

admission  against interest.A  person’s  statement  acknowledging  a  fact that  is harmful to  the

person’s position as a litigant. • An admission against interest must be made either by a litigant or

by one in privity with or occupying the same legal position as the litigant; as an exception to the

hearsay  rule, it is  admissible  whether  or  not  the  person  is available as  a  witness. Fed.  R. Evid.

801(d)(2). A declaration against interest, by contrast, is made by a nonlitigant who is not in privity

with a litigant; a declaration against interest is also admissible as an exception to the hearsay rule,

but only when the declarant is unavailable as a witness. Fed. R. Evid. 804(b)(3). See declaration

against interest under DECLARATION(6).

admission  by  employee  or  agent.An  admission  made  by  a  party-opponent’s  agent  during

employment and con-cerning a matter either within the scope of the agency or authorized by the

party-opponent.  [Cases:  Criminal  Law    410;  Evidence    237–245.  C.J.S.  Criminal  Law  §§

890–891; Evidence §§ 366, 433–442, 444–450, 454.]

admission by party-opponent.An opposing party’s admission, which is not considered hearsay

if it is offered against that party and is (1) the party’s own statement, in either an individual or a

representative capacity; (2) a statement of which the party has manifested an adoption or belief in

its truth; (3) a statement by one authorized by the party to make such a statement; (4) a statement

by the party’s agent concerning a matter within the scope of the agency or employment and made

during the existence of the relationship; or (5) a statement by a coconspirator of the party during

the course of and in furtherance of the conspiracy. Fed. R. Evid. 801(d)(2). [Cases: Criminal Law

405–410; Evidence    221–253.  C.J.S. Criminal  Law §§  877,  880,  882–884,  887–895,  905,  932,

936–940, 942–946; Evidence §§ 293, 364, 366, 410.]

admission by silence.The failure of a party to speak after another party’s assertion of fact that,

if  untrue,  would  naturally  compel  a  person  to  deny  the  statement.  [Cases:  Criminal  Law    407;

Evidence    220. C.J.S. Criminal Law § 887; Evidence §§ 390–393.]


admission in judicio.See judicial admission.

adoptive  admission.An  action  by  a  party  that  indicates  approval  of  a  statement  made  by

another, and thereby acceptance that the statement is true. [Cases: Criminal Law    407; Evidence

220. C.J.S. Criminal Law § 887; Evidence §§ 390–393.]

extrajudicial admission.An admission made outside court proceedings.

implied admission.An admission reasonably inferable from a party’s action or statement, or a

party’s failure to act or speak. — Also termed tacit admission. [Cases: Evidence    265(12). C.J.S.

Evidence § 471.]

incidental  admission.An  admission  made  in  some  other  connection  or  involved  in  the

admission of some other fact.

incriminating  admission.An  admission  of  facts  tending  to  establish  guilt.  [Cases:  Criminal

Law    405. C.J.S. Criminal Law § 877.]

judicial admission.A formal waiver of  proof that relieves an opposing  party from  having to

prove  the  admitted  fact  and  bars  the  party  who  made  the  admission  from  disputing  it.  —  Also

termed  solemn  admission; admission  in  judicio; true admission.  [Cases:  Criminal  Law    406(4);

Evidence    206, 265(7). C.J.S. Criminal Law §§ 882–884; Evidence §§ 364, 469, 472, 475–476.]

quasi-admission.  An  act  or  utterance,  usu.  extrajudicial,  that  creates  an  inconsistency  with

and  discredits,  to  a  greater  or  lesser  degree,  a  present  claim  or  other  evidence  of  the  person

creating the inconsistency. [C.J.S. Evidence §§ 293, 340, 364–467, 469–471.]

solemn admission.See judicial admission.

tacit admission.See implied admission.

true admission.See judicial admission.

2.  Acceptance  of  a  lawyer  by  the  established  licensing  authority,  such  as  a  state  bar

association, as a member of the practicing bar, usu. after the lawyer passes a bar examination and

supplies adequate character references <admission to the bar>. • The entry of a lawyer on the rolls

of an integrated bar, usu. after the fulfillment of two prerequisites: graduating from law school and

passing a state bar examination. — Also termed admission to practice law. [Cases: Attorney and

Client    7. C.J.S. Attorney and Client §§ 19–22.]

admission on motion.Permanent admission of a lawyer who is in good standing in the bar of

a  different  state  without  the  need  for  a  full  bar  examination.  [Cases:  Attorney  and  Client    10.

C.J.S. Attorney and Client §§ 26–28.]

admission pro hac vice (proh hak vI-see or proh hak vee-chay). Temporary admission of an

out-of-jurisdiction lawyer to  practice before a court in a specified case or set of cases. See PRO

HAC VICE. [Cases: Attorney and Client    10. C.J.S. Attorney and Client §§ 26–28.]

3.Patents. A concession or representation by a patent applicant that an activity, knowledge, or

a publication is prior art. • An admission requires the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office examiner

to consider the relevant item as prior art, even if it does not technically qualify as prior art. — Also

termed admission of prior art. [Cases: Patents    51(1). C.J.S. Patents §§ 31–33, 39.] [Blacks Law 8th]